By Le Thi Hong Phuong, PhD candidate and Prof Tran Duc Tuan
The context and history of the project sites in Vietnam case study
The T-learning research project in Vietnam is situate in the Mekong Delta. Located in southern Vietnam, the Mekong Delta is the biggest agricultural region of the country. According to General Statistic Organization (2010), there are 13 provinces with a population of around 17 million 80% of which is involved in agricultural farming. The Mekong Delta is located at the southernmost tip of Vietnam and is the site at which the Mekong River empties into the South China Sea. It encompasses an area of 39,200 km2 and accounts for 12% of the national area of Vietnam and 5% of the entire Mekong Basin area (Käkönen, 2006). Twenty-two percent of the population of Vietnam lives in the Mekong Delta and the population density of the Mekong Delta is 412 persons per km2. Agricultural land constitutes 75% of the Mekong Delta, most of which is dedicated to rice paddies. The Mekong Delta is considered as one of the three deltas most affected by climate change across the world. In the delta there are challenges arising from the nexus of climate change – water – food – energy – social justice. However there are also examples of initiatives (germ cell activities) which present possibilities of moving towards sustainability, T-learning potentials (Tuan, 2016).
Two case study sites in Mekong Delta in Vietnam for the ISSC project on T-learning were identified after field visits in 2015 and 2016. The sites are are Can Tho city and Kien Giang Biosphere Reserve. We have chosen Can Tho city and the Kien Giang Biosphere Reserve in Mekong Delta as two case study sites of T-learning, because they present all nexus issues, and provide insights into challenges of learning for sustainability. The sites also which meet the two basic kinds of learning: instrumental and communicative learning. Instrumental learning focuses on learning through task-oriented problem solving and determination of cause and effect relationships. In this blog, we emphasize the co-defining matters of concern in Mekong Delta, Vietnam: case study in Can Tho city.
We selected the My Khanh community to explore the T-learning in Can Tho city because of three main reasons. Firstly, My Khanh is a typical rural community of the suburban district in Can Tho city. This community is in the process of transforming agricultural mechanics towards sustainable livelihood development in the context of climate change. Secondly, the My Khanh community has appeared, maintained, and been on the process of expansion and development of sustainable livelihood models to adapt to climate change. In several sustainable livelihood models, the VACB model is a practical and an effective solution for farmers to deal with climate change. Thirdly, the VACB model has been locally promoted and spread to other areas in Can Tho and some provinces not only in the Mekong Delta such as Bac Lieu or Hau Giang provinces, but also in the central provinces such as Thua Thien Hue or Quang Binh provinces.
The initial processes of engagement with the communities to co-define the matters of concern